3 June 2015

Adverbs With Two Forms



Oxford Dictionaries


Some adverbs have two forms, one with and one without -ly. Sometimes the two meanings are connected and sometimes they are not.


easy/easily


1. Relax! Take it easy! [calm; free from worry]

    Real Madrid won the match easily. [not difficult]


late/lately


2. We hate it when you arrive late. [arriving after the planned, expected time]

    Have you been doing anything useful lately? [recently]


hard/hardly


3. He's been working very hard all his life. [using a lot of physical or mental effort]

    I hardly ever go to concerts. [almost never]


wrong/wrongly


4. You're definitely doing it wrong. [in a way that is not correct]

     She spelled her own name wrongly. [not correctly]


sure/surely


5. Can you lend me your book? Sure. [certainly]

    Surely you don't expect me to say that? [used to express surprise that something has happened or is going to happen]


most/mostly
  

6. What do you like most about her? [more than anything else]

     I think that those kids are mostly orphans. [mainly]


free/freely


7. For the first time in years he could move freely. [without being limited or controlled]

     The prisoner walked free after seventeen years in jail. [not limited]


wide/widely


8. I was wide awake last night. [completely]
    
    She has travelled widely in Europe, Asia and Africa. [including a lot of different places]


high/highly

    
9.  We were flying high over the ocean. [at or to a large distance from the ground]

  I think very highly of Andrew and his wife. [have a good opinion of someone/above average]




In which examples does the meaning alter significantly?


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