1. Julia is a somewhat naive person; she thinks love can solve all the world's problems.
[(disapproving) naive - willing to believe simple things perhaps because of inexperience]
2. My grandfather was a very conscientious man; he never took time off work unless he was really sick.
[conscientious - always take your work very seriously]
3. She's an unscrupulous financial adviser.
[(disapproving) unscrupulous - behaving in a way that is dishonest or unfair in order to get what you want]
4. Telephone salespeople often take advantage of gullible people.
[gullible - easily deceived or tricked]
5. You are so obstinate and pigheaded. Why don't you listen when people give you good advice?
[obstinate - unreasonably determined],
[(disapproving) pigheaded - showing unreasonable support for sth and refusing to change or listen to different opinions]
1. Sarah is such an introvert girl, and her brother Adam is such an extrovert boy. Strange, isn't it?
[introvert - shy, quiet and unable to make friends easily],
[extrovert - outward-looking and sociable]
2. She seemed rather aloof when in fact she was just shy.
[aloof - unfriendly and not sociable]
3. You shouldn't be so diffident about your achievements - you've done really well.
[diffident - lacks confidence; has a low opinion of himself]
4. My aunt Christina can be very haughty and disdainful at times, but she's lovely really.
[(disapproving) haughty - unfriendly and seeming to consider yourself better than other people]
[disdainful - to believe others do not deserve respect]
5. Without wishing to sound conceited or self-important, I am the best manager in the company.
[(disapproving) conceited - too proud of yourself, your actions and abilities],
[(disapproving) self-important - have an exaggerated sense of your importance]
6. Jill is very modest about her achievements.
[(approving) modest - not exaggerating your qualities]
7. English people are traditionally thought of as rather reserved.
[reserved - not immediately sociable]
8. I've always found Professor Jackson rather unapproachable, whereas his colleague Dr Yang is very approachable.
[unapproachable - have an unfriendly and slightly frightening manner]
1. He's so impetuous; I wish he would consider things first.
[(disapproving) impetuous - acting on a sudden idea without considering the results of your actions]
2. I thought she was rather taciturn when I first met her. She hardly spoke.
[(disapproving) taciturn - reserved or saying little]
3. They gave us such an effusive welcome it was quite embarrassing.
[effusive - giving exaggerated expression of pleasure, praise or gratitude]
4. He's such a pushy salesman.
[pushy - behaving in an unpleasant way by trying too much to get sth or to make sb do sth]
5. She's a very excitable child; she needs to calm down.
[excitable - easily excited by things]
6. Bryan's so garrulous; it's impossible to get any work done.
[garrulous - talking too much, especially about unimportant things]
7. His impulsive generosity led him to give away most of his money.
[impulsive - acting suddenly without any planning; similar to impetuous, but it can be used in a more positive way]